Systematic Review of literature of conservative interventions for whiplash associated disorders: A consumer orientated report: Prepared for Centre of National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Medicine University of Queensland

The purpose of review is to determine the best available evidence for conservative interventions specific to WAD, Grade II and III. The overall objective was to determine effectiveness of conservative interventions for patients with WAD (Grade II and III) across a range of outcomes. The evidence grading system for this report utilised a customised framework of evidence grading which used a composite of hierarchy of evidence and key constructs of methodological quality of the study.


Traumatic Brain Injury Review: A systematic review of the evidence for paediatric traumatic brain injury, and for adults with mild traumatic brain injury. A technical report prepared for New Zealand’s ACC Traumatic Brain Injury Strategy.

This report provides a comprehensive review of the currently available secondary evidence (guidelines and systematic reviews) to inform the ACC Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Strategy. This review focuses on two areas identified as gaps in current understanding:

  1. Paediatric TBI (0-15 years)
  2. Adults with mild TBI

 ACC research had provided subsection questions for each of these focus areas, making a total of 20 search questions to be addressed by this evidentiary review.

1. Paediatric TBI (0-15 years): Consider the issues specific to paediatric TBI throughout their developmental milestones and the continuum of care.

  • 1.1 Initial acute care
  • 1.2 In-patient and out-patient rehabilitation
  • 1.3 Transitions of care
  • 1.4 Cognitive, Educational and training issues
  • 1.5 Community integration
  • 1.6 Challenging behaviour
  • 1.7 Growth and developmental issues
  • 1.8 Ongoing follow-up care and monitoring
  • 1.9 Needs of carers

2. Mild TBI: Consider the specific issues relevant to mild TBI in adults

  • 2.1 Screening for and early identification of mild TBI
  • 2.2 Initial acute care of those with a mild TBI
  • 2.3 Initial advice and outpatient rehabilitation
  • 2.4 Employment participation
  • 2.5 Community reintegration
  • 2.6 Substance abuse
  • 2.7 Depression
  • 2.8 Challenging behaviour
  • 2.9 Long-term impact and needs of mild TBI person
  • 2.10 Persistent symptoms and Issues specific to mild TBI: fatigue, headaches, pain
  • 2.11 Aging with mild TBI